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Title: Channel Planform Dynamics in the Himalayan Piedmont Zone - A study on the Chel River
Authors: Maiti, Ramkrishna
Lama, Sonam
Keywords: Channel Planform
Chel River
Piedmont Zone - Himalaya
Channel Planform - Dynamics
Issue Date: 6-Oct-2021
Publisher: Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India
Abstract: The present research has attempted to analyze channel planform dynamics of the Chel River during last 62 years in the piedmont of Eastern Sub-Himalayan North Bengal. Channel dynamics is an inherent characteristic of rivers flowing in Terai and Dooars of Sub-Himalayan North Bengal plains and also beyond it southwards in the entire Barind tract of Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna system of Bengal basin. In fact, Chel basin falls under the Teesta Basin which is a part of Brahmaputra basin and thus forms a part of the upper Barind tract, an alluvial tract wherein river have been much dynamic and documented records of the same is available for about 250 years since the first maps of the region prepared by Rennell was published in 1780. Channel dynamics studies in India have been mostly concentrated on the large alluvial rivers of Ganga and Brahmaputra. Huge volume of literature is available for upper and middle Ganga plain followed by similarly of upper and middle course of Brahmaputra. In Bengal the study till day is much focused on Lower Ganga plain. Studies on rivers of Terai and Dooars as such are very less and fragmentary too. Unlike rivers of south Bengal the rivers of north Bengal flow through transitional physiography between Himalayas and lower alluvial plains. Thus, though smaller in size and volume of water, they display great dynamics. Within the Terai and Dooars iteself, we find disparity in the amount of studies among the rivers as much study has been done on rivers like Mahananda, Balason, Teesta, Lish, Gish, Jaldhaka, Torsa whereas comparatively studies on Chel River is less and fragmentary. During extensive literature review, the author came across few published research articles on Chel River but couldn’t get any M.Phil and Ph.D dissertation on Chel River basin. The selection of the Chel river for the present study was also prompted by the fact that the Chel river drains through the tectonically active Himalayan region and its foreland, thus gives an opportunity to test response of drainage lines and watershed to the neotectonics. Further, the entire course of the Chel is accessible to verify the results generated by remote sensing and GIS. Field surveys were conducted to measure the channel cross profiles and hydrological parameters at 2km interval. Estimation of surface flow out and sediment out has been achieved through GIS based SWAT model. All morphometric analysis was done using toposheets and SRTM DEM in ArcGIS 10.1. Multi-temporal Landsat images and ASTER DEM were used extensively for reconstruction of historical change in channel morphology and planform. Present study generates huge geomorphologic database and thus will help in giving important inputs necessary for formulating plans and in decision making relating to the basin and the region. Thus, the present work attempts to understand channel dynamics of a small river with 58 km length and 321 km of total watershed area of a data scarce region and basin in particular.
Appears in Collections:Geography and Environment - Ph.D

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01_title.pdf41.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Certificate.pdf452.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_abstract.pdf85.01 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Declaration.pdf195.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgement.pdf85.43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_Contents.pdf99.82 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_List of tables.pdf10.53 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_List of Figures.pdf177.53 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_List of Plates.pdf91.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Abbreviations.pdf80.54 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 1.pdf908.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 2.pdf1.38 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 3.pdf1.01 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 4.pdf13.97 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_Chapter 5.pdf191.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Summary.pdf174.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_Bibliography.pdf288.36 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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