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Title: Studies on the role of Dyslipidemia and Inflammatory Responses on Cardiovascular Diseases
Authors: Maiti, Smarajit
Khan, Md. Mobidullah
Keywords: Dyslipidemia
Inflammatory Responses
Cardiovascular Diseases
Issue Date: 14-Jan-2021
Publisher: Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. There are several predominant factors that influence disease promotion and severity. Geographical location and demographic profile are one of the important factors for the disease outcome. Stresses, sedentary lifestyle and abnormal energy metabolism causes sustained hyperglycemia, hypertension and insulin resistance. Compelling evidence suggest that diabetes has a distinct relation with different cardiovascular disorder. Diabetes is also now epidemic worldwide. In the current study occurrence, severity and mechanism of CVD has studies in adult individuals- patients. There are different hematological and biochemical parameters like lactate dehydrogenes (LDH), (creatine phosphokinase) CPK, (creatine phosphokinase isoform mb) CPK-MB were studies in Troponin T (Ttrop-T) + ICU admitted patients. Prior the investigation all regulatory norms and ethical clearance were approved from the competent authority. In the patients Oxidative Stress markers like malondeadihyde (MDA), antioxidant components like non-protein soluble thiol (NPSH), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, were tested and measured. Human samples were also tested for the study of inflammatory markers like C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL-6) etc. In other several In-vitro experiment with human blood samples and animal tissue slices other important parameters like nitric oxide (NO), nitic oxide synthase (NOS), Insulin, glucose transporter and stress induced protein dermcidin gene gel and protein expression were studied for the understanding of the mechanism of diabetes and diabetes associated CVD disorder . For the better understanding experimental rat model of high lipid and fructose fed diet (90 days iso-caloric). Rats were Investigated to evaluate some risk factors and oxidant and antioxidant status in their serum, liver and heart tissues. Present result suggest that LDH, CPK, CPK-MB, MDA, SOD, these are expressed according to the disease severity in the patients of trop-T + or trop-T markers are also associated with the age and gender of the individual. Important roles of these markers are also verified and validated in our experimental rodent model. Result from animal experiment suggests that oxidative stress and inflammatory status are the prerequisite for the diabetes and CVD. These have been suggested by the student’t test, multiple comparison ANOVA test and correlation analysis. These support the interdependence among different parameters. Several In-vitro and mouse model study suggest that stress protein dermcidin isoform-2 (DCN-2) is responsible for insulin resistance and GLUT4 and NO insensitivity which results arterial endothelial disregulation, atherosclerotic plaque formation. Role of plaque rupture, platelet aggregation has been suggested to initiate the severity of the disease. Stress induced protein dermcidin has been demonstrated with high concentration in diabetic and hyperlipidemic status. The animal experiment suggests the high lipid consumption and abnormal glucose/energy metabolism may increase the systemic oxidative stress. So present investigation may be regarded as useful background for the further studies on this area. That will be helpful for better therapeutic intervention in cardiovascular disease.
Appears in Collections:Chemistry and Chemical Technology - Ph.D.

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01_Title.pdf292 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf190.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_abstract.pdf56.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_decleration.pdf224.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgment.pdf72.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_contents.pdf81.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list_of_tables.pdf47.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_list_of_figures.pdf75.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_abbreviations.pdf133.19 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_introduction.pdf241.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_review & literatures.pdf436.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_objectives.pdf68.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_methods & materials.pdf349.22 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_results.pdf416.39 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_discussion.pdf781.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_conclusion.pdf75.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_summary.pdf95.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_bibliography.pdf178.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
19_list of publications.pdf496.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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